Perfini

From the Audiovisual Identity Database, the motion graphics museum


Background

Perfini (Perusahaan Film Nasional Indonesia) is the first official Indonesian film company that is important in the Indonesian film industry (Berita Film Indonesia is the first film company established in Indonesia after its independence day). Its first film, Darah dan Doa, the first Indonesian film, was released on March 30, 1950, and that date by now is acknowledged as Indonesia's National Film Day. It produced movies from the 1950s to the 1980s, after which it went defunct.



1st Logo (March 30, 1950, 1953)

Visuals: There is a silhouette of a bull. Then, the text "PERFINI" in white fades in above the bull, and after two seconds, the text zooms in.

Technique: Traditional animation.

Audio: A short fanfare.

Audio Variant: On Harimau Tjampa, it's silent.

Availability: Seen on Darah dan Doa (internationally as The Long March) and Harimau Tjampa.

2nd Logo (January 18, 1951-November 19, 1961)

Visuals: On a rock background, there is a rounded rectangle carved on a floor, with a print image version of bull standing on a ground, and contains the text "PERFINI" carved on a floor, with a rectangle inside and outside looks as if it hewn out of rock, and the inside of rectangle is smooth, while the rock is rough (a la the 5th Nikkatsu logo). The background has a spotlights on it.

Technique: A still printed image.

Audio: Either an Indonesian bombastic fanfare, or else, the opening theme plays over it.

Availability: It was seen on some Perfini films from the 50s-60s, example are Dosa Tak Berampun, Pedjuang, Asrama Dara, Lagi-lagi Krisis and Heboh, which can be viewed on YouTube.

3rd Logo (March 16, 1951)

Visuals: There is a bull statue standing on a ground. Below is the word "PERFINI" on a pedestal.

Technique: A still printed image.

Audio: The opening theme.

Availability: Seen on Enam Djam di Jogja.

4th Logo (1978-October 1, 1989)


Visuals: Same as the second logo, but the logo is in color, and spotlights still shining on the floor. The background is solid blue, and the rectangle outline is gold, while the bull and the text "PERFINI" are both gold and the inside of the rectangle is plain red.

Variants:

  • One variant from 1978 has no gold rectangle outline and rectangle inside and is placed over a red background with spotlights shining on the background. This one is seen on Si Ronda Macan Betawi.
  • Later variant: There are no spotlights, and the logo is now darker. The bull, the rectangle outline, the rectangle inside, and the "PERFINI" are seen over a black background with bright lighting. Also, the rectangle inside is black while the background is now black. It was seen on Pacar Ketinggalan Kereta (1988), the last film to use the logo.

Technique: A still printed image.

Audio: Same as the previous logo. Otherwise, the opening theme plays over it.

Audio Variant: On Si Ronda Macan Betawi, a different fanfare is heard over the logo.

Availability: Spotted on Si Ronda Macan Betawi, Hati Seorang Wanita, and Pacar Ketinggalan Kereta, which can be viewed on YouTube. Other titles such as Jalal Kawin Lagi and Karminem (both 1977) are no logos on some VHS, VCD (possibly on the Medialine Entertainment release), DVD, or 2k/4k restoration prints.

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